I've been following the progress of this for years, it is somewhat unrelated (antiviral, but continue reading) but what makes it interesting is how it targets and kills viruses.
One of the things that makes DRACO interesting is that the drug is a broad spectrum drug; basically, this works against many viruses and from what I have heard, they haven't found one that it hasn't worked against yet. If you take a look at the link above you can find a very interesting list of viruses that it "cures" (see below for why I said it in this way).
DRACO is selective for virus-infected cells. Differentiation between infected and healthy cells is made primarily via the length and type of RNA transcription helices present within the cell. Most viruses produce long dsRNA helices during transcription and replication. In contrast, uninfected mammalian cells generally produce dsRNA helices of fewer than 24 base pairs during transcription. Cell death is effected via one of the last steps in the apoptosis pathway in which complexes containing intracellular apoptosis signaling molecules simultaneously bind multiple procaspases. The procaspases transactivate via cleavage, activate additional caspases in the cascade, and cleave a variety of cellular proteins, thereby killing the cell.
Basically, what this drug does is it can find a virus cell, differentiate it with a normal cell, and tell it to commit suicide (apoptosis); in essence, a cure for the virus (think antibiotics but even better). Common colds, the flu, just about everything can be cured and not only that, once you take it one time, you may become immune to viruses going forward.
Quite possibly one of the most exciting drugs I have ever heard of and I've been following it since 2013 (years before my cancer diagnosis which was 3 months ago). The question is, could a drug like this eventually cure cancer? If you can develop a broad spectrum antiviral drug, why not a broad spectrum cancer drug that tells cancer cells to commit suicide (apoptosis)? I'm by no means a Biologist (hated life sciences, love physics) or a molecular biologist (not even close) so just throwing this out there to see what others think.
The truly sad part is that the doctor that discovered this, has had trouble finding funding:
Apparently, it is much more profitable to treat a disease (or virus) than it is to cure one.
Anyways, I don't work for the group, have no affiliation what-so-ever and not asking anyone to donate to them (anyone that knows me closely knows a lot about this!) but if you can, just visit the Facebook page, like it (if you do) and spread the word of mouth, perhaps someday we can cure the virus (and hopefully, cancer also).